As more of people’s everyday activities move online, a new class of financial institutions has emerged that heavily leverages technology and the internet. According to Grand View Research, the global “neobanking” market is currently valued at approximately $66 billion USD.
These neobanks operate entirely online, doing away with some of the more cumbersome aspects of traditional banking. They aim to make banking as accessible as possible while passing on cost savings to customers.
So what is a neobank, and what is neobanking? Here, we’ll explain what a neobank is (and isn’t), as well as why people and companies are switching to neobanking. We’ll also discuss some of the anti-fraud and AML regulatory challenges with neobanks to keep in mind should you consider joining one – or even creating your own.
“Neobanking” refers to the market of exclusively digital banking applications and organizations. A person does not visit a physical bank branch to withdraw or deposit physical cash, or meet in person with any financial agents to get advice or conduct in-bank transactions.
A neobank is a type of financial institution that has no physical branches, instead operating entirely online. A neobank relies on technology to minimize operating costs and provide better value for money, while at the same time offering more user-friendly services to its customers.
Neobank examples include Chime, Current, Aspiration, and Varo in the US as well as Monzo, Revolut, Starling Bank, and Monese elsewhere in the world.
The terms “digital bank,” “digital banking,” and “online banking” all generally refer to the ability to make financial transactions over the internet. However, this can simply apply to traditional banks offering ways to use their services online as a complement to in-person business at their physical branches.
Neobanks, in contrast, are completely digital banks that have no physical branches. So all banking transactions with them have to be carried out online. In short, all neobanks are digital banks, but not all digital banking is neobanking.
Neobanks are sometimes called “challenger banks” because they were created to compete with traditional banking institutions. By offering online services, neobanks can cut operating costs associated with leasing physical spaces, hiring branch employees, and dealing in physical money. This allows them to charge lower fees and offer higher interest rates than traditional banks.
However, neobanks aren’t completely superior to, or independent of, traditional banks. Neobanks typically partner with traditional financial institutions to offer their services, and may not offer as full a range of solutions as traditional banks do. They also lack in-person customer service to work through complicated financial processes with clients. Another concern is that because the neobanking market is relatively new, it isn’t as highly regulated as traditional banking. This can make neobanks somewhat unreliable in terms of insurance if something goes wrong.
Despite their potential drawbacks, neobanks have a number of advantages that make them attractive to customers who are tech-savvy or dissatisfied with how traditional banks operate. Benefits of neobanks include:
One of the main advantages of neobanks is that they smooth out onboarding and transaction processes. This is because they typically have accessible user interfaces, as well as the ability to be used virtually anywhere regardless of operating hours or agent availability.
But this has to be balanced against adequate security and customer verification in order to comply with anti-fraud and AML standards.
Unfortunately, because neobanking is a relatively new concept, there aren’t comprehensive regulations specific to the industry in place yet. So many neobanks are left to figure this balance out for themselves.
Another consequence of neobanking being an untested industry is that neobanks have to work much harder to win and maintain customers and their trust. And a big part of that is assuring customers that a neobank is complying with best practices for protecting their sensitive information.
While this can be difficult, there are a few things a neobank can do to maintain compliance: